The coffees of Hawaii are the only coffee beans that are grown on the U.S. soil. Coffee plants are grown within 3000 miles zone around the equator called “the coffee belt”. The geographic location of Hawaii is on the lowest side of the U.S. mainland, but just inside the top of the coffee belt. Kona Peaberry coffee beans are the most famous of the Hawaiian coffees. Kauai Estate produces excellent coffee with a smaller price tag than Kona. The Kona district is located on the big island of Hawaii and rests atop what was originally a bed of lava from Hualalai mountain. The volcanic mountains of Hawaii contain rich soil and receive abundant rainfall. These natural elements are perfect conditions to produce fine coffee with mild body, medium acidity, bright flavor, and floral aroma. Kona Peaberry Coffee is cultivated at elevations from 500 to 3,000 feet. Kona’s climate of sunny mornings, cloudy or rainy afternoons, rich volcanic soil, clean air and elevation combine to make a superior coffee bean. Described as “luscious”, this fragrant coffee is grown in ideal climate conditions. Planted with much difficulty on the slopes of the volcano Mauna Loa, the trees produce more coffee per acre than any Arabica plantation in the world. Unfortunately, the acreage for coffee growing has to compete with tourism resulting in a limited production. A phenomenon known as “free shade” occurs. Every afternoon around the same time a cloud covering moves over the plantation and protects the coffee trees from the scorching sun. In other countries poplar trees are intentionally planted alongside coffee trees to provide shade. Kona coffee is generally hard to find, but since Hawaii is one of the 50 states, the U.S. mainland enjoys a large portion of the product, although much is kept in Hawaii to be part of the tourism experience. The high price is attributed to the limited supply of Kona Peaberry and high labor costs, not to mention the excellent quality. Kona coffee is famous for mild body, light to medium acidity, slightly floral aroma, and smooth finish. Kona produces Kona Extra Fancy and Kona Peaberry.
Hawaiian coffee has multiple sources of origins, some Ismaili Mocha from Yemen in Arabia, and the others are Typica variety from Guatemala in Central America. Cross breeding of these varieties created unique coffee beans, which established the fame of this island coffee.